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  • Timothy Morris

Which Lens is Best for Wedding Photography?

Are you a wedding photographer searching for the perfect lens to capture those beautiful moments on the big day? Look no further! In this article, we will guide you through the different lens options available and help you determine which one is best for your wedding photography needs.

Choosing the right lens is crucial for capturing the raw emotions and intricate details of a wedding. From wide-angle lenses that allow you to capture the grandeur of the venue to telephoto lenses that help you get up close and personal without intruding on the couple's intimate moments, each lens offers a unique perspective.

We will delve into the qualities of prime lenses versus zoom lenses, and explore the benefits and drawbacks of each. Additionally, we will discuss the importance of aperture and how it affects the overall look and feel of your wedding photos.

Whether you prefer a Canon, Nikon, Sony, or any other brand, we've got you covered. Join us as we dive into the world of lenses and find out which one is the ideal choice for your wedding photography endeavors.

Understanding different types of lenses

When it comes to wedding photography, understanding the different types of lenses available is essential. There are two main categories: prime lenses and zoom lenses. Prime lenses have a fixed focal length, while zoom lenses offer a range of focal lengths.

Prime lenses for wedding photography


  • Sharp

  • Wider Apertures

  • Light

  • Better in Low Light


  • Less Versetile

  • More Lens Changes (pending your setup)

  • Requires more physical movement

Prime lenses are popular among wedding photographers for their exceptional image quality and wide aperture capabilities. These lenses have a fixed focal length, which means you have to physically move closer or further away from your subject to adjust the framing. However, this limitation allows prime lenses to excel in low-light conditions, producing stunning bokeh, and creating a more intimate feel in the photos.

One of the most common setups (and my personal one) is the 85mm 35mm kit. This allows for a slightly wider than normal perspective (which would be 50mm) which is great for indoor shots and the 85mm lens which is widely considered one of the best lenses for portraits.

Additionally, prime lenses are generally lighter and smaller, making them easier to carry and maneuver on the wedding day. Prime lenses also tend to be sharper, helping to deliver the phenomenally sharp images wedding clients expect! However, the lack of zoom capability might be a drawback for photographers who prefer the flexibility of changing focal lengths on the go.

Zoom lenses for wedding photography


  • More versatile

  • Fewer lens changes

  • More focal lengths to choose from

  • Less total lenses to buy


  • More expensive

  • Narrower apertures

  • Less sharp

  • Heavier

Zoom lenses, on the other hand, offer versatility in focal length, allowing you to zoom in and out without changing lenses. This flexibility makes them a popular choice for wedding photographers who want to capture a variety of shots without having to switch lenses constantly. Zoom lenses are available in a range of focal lengths, such as 24-70mm and 70-200mm, which cover wide-angle to telephoto perspectives.

The 24-70mm lens is often considered a workhorse for wedding photography. Its wide focal length range makes it suitable for capturing both group shots and individual portraits. On the other hand, the 70-200mm lens is perfect for capturing candid moments from a distance, without disturbing the couple or their guests. However, zoom lenses tend to be heavier and bulkier compared to prime lenses, which can be a consideration when shooting weddings that span several hours. They also tend to require more light, making the use of artificial light a lot more common when shooting with zoom lenses.

Wide-angle lenses for wedding photography

Wide-angle lenses are a popular choice for wedding photographers who want to capture the grandeur of the venue and include a large number of people in their compositions. These lenses have a focal length of less than 35mm, allowing you to capture a wider field of view. The wider perspective adds depth to the images and is great for capturing architectural details and expansive landscapes.

One of the key benefits of wide-angle lenses is their ability to create a sense of scale and context. They can capture the entire wedding party in one frame, showcasing the venue and the couple in relation to their surroundings. However, it's important to note that wide-angle lenses can distort subjects when used too close, so it's crucial to maintain a proper distance to avoid any unflattering effects.

Telephoto lenses for wedding photography

Telephoto lenses, with their longer focal lengths, allow you to capture intimate moments from a distance without intruding on the couple's privacy. These lenses are perfect for capturing candid shots during the ceremony or reception without disrupting the flow of events. Telephoto lenses also compress the background, creating a pleasing separation between the subject and the background, resulting in a beautiful bokeh.

The most popular telephoto lens for wedding photography is the 70-200mm lens. Its focal length range provides enough reach to capture emotional moments without being obtrusive. Whether it's a tear rolling down the bride's cheek or a subtle smile shared between the couple, telephoto lenses excel at capturing these fleeting moments. However, telephoto lenses tend to be heavier and may require the use of a tripod or image stabilization to avoid camera shake.

Considerations for choosing the best lens for wedding photography

When choosing the best lens for wedding photography, several factors should be taken into consideration. Firstly, the venue and its surroundings play a significant role in determining the ideal lens. If the venue is spacious and offers stunning landscapes, wide-angle lenses might be the way to go. On the other hand, if the couple has requested more intimate and close-up shots, telephoto lenses would be a better fit.

Secondly, the lighting conditions of the wedding venue should also be considered. Prime lenses with wide apertures, such as f/1.8 or f/1.4, excel in low-light conditions, allowing you to capture sharp and well-exposed images without the need for flash. Zoom lenses with constant apertures, such as f/2.8, also perform well in challenging lighting situations.

Lastly, your shooting style and personal preferences should influence your lens choice. Some photographers prefer the simplicity and image quality of prime lenses, while others appreciate the flexibility and convenience of zoom lenses. It's essential to experiment with different lenses and find the ones that align with your artistic vision and shooting style.

The Benefits of Renting vs Buying

Investing in high-quality lenses can be a significant financial commitment, especially for wedding photographers starting their careers. Fortunately, many camera equipment rental companies offer a wide range of lenses for short-term use. Renting lenses allows you to test different options before making a larger investment. Additionally, renting can be more cost-effective for sporadic wedding bookings or destination weddings where you might need specific lenses that you don't typically use.

However, if you have a consistent stream of wedding photography gigs, it might be more cost-effective to invest in your own lenses. Owning your gear gives you the freedom to experiment, practice, and develop your unique style without time constraints. It also allows you to have complete control over your equipment, ensuring that it's well-maintained and always ready for the next wedding.

Choosing the best lens for wedding photography is a personal decision that depends on various factors, including shooting style, venue, lighting conditions, and budget. Whether you opt for a versatile zoom lens, a fast prime lens, or a combination of both, the key is to find lenses that complement your artistic vision and allow you to capture the essence of each wedding uniquely.

Remember, the best lens for wedding photography is the one that helps you tell the couple's story and create timeless memories. So, take the time to experiment, rent different lenses, and find the perfect fit for your wedding photography endeavors. With the right lens in hand, you'll be able to capture those precious moments and create stunning images that will be treasured for a lifetime.

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